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《Language in use》English for you and me PPT课件

《Language in use》English for you and me PPT课件 详细介绍:

《Language in use》English for you and me PPT课件《Language in use》English for you and me PPT课件《Language in use》English for you and me PPT课件

《Language in use》English for you and me PPT课件

Read these sentences and analyze their structure. 

It’s also the subject that I’m best at, although my spoken English is not that good.

I can speak English with you whenever we meet.

As China continues to grow, many people think that Chinese will become as common as English by the middle of the twenty-first century.

Grammar 1

状 语 从 句

什么是状语从句?

用一个句子充当状语成分,那个句子就是状语从句。引导状语从句的关联词是一些从属连词。 

I get up  when it is dark.

I get up  where I study.

状语从句分类

1.表示时间 

2.表示地点 

3.表示原因 

4.表示结果 

5.表示目的

6.表示条件

7.表示让步

8.表示比较

... ... ...

1) 状语从句分类及常用连词: 

时间状语从句 

when, whenever, while, as, before, after, since, till, once, as soon as, the moment, immediately, every time, each time, next time, the first time, any time, all the time

地点状语从句 

where, wherever 

while / when辨析

when / while + doing sth.

When / While reading, he fell asleep.

when+终止性、延续性动词

while+延续性动词

When the teacher came in, I was sleeping.

= While / When I was sleeping, the teacher came in.

when (就在这时)

I was sleeping when someone knocked at the door.

as  当…时;一边…一边;随着……

*某事一发生,另一事立即发生

As the captain passed me, I asked him whether there was any hope of saving the ship.

*两个动作同时发生

As the day went on, the weather got worse.

★ as的常见用法:

1. She sang as she worked. 

一边……一边……

2. You must try to do as I did. 

像…..一样

3. As she was late for class, she had to say sorry.

由于

... ... ...

原因状语从句

because, since, as, for, now that, seeing that, considering that

目的状语从句

in order that, so that, that, for fear that, in case

结果状语从句 

so … that, so that, such … that, that, etc. (too … to …, enough to …, so … as to)

so that, so…that, such…that 

so that “以便”、“结果”表目的和结果。

注意:在从句中有情态动词表目的,无情态动词表结果。

so…that “如此…以致于”表结果, 该结构常见于: 

1. so+形/副+that从句

2. so+形+a(an)+单数名词+that从句

3. so+many / much+复数名词(不可数名词)+that从句

... ... ...

1. Complete these sentences.

after   although   because   before    if  

so that    so … that     when      while

1.Many Confucius Institutes have been set up around the world _______ more and more people want to learn Chinese.

2. French was more popular _________ English became important in the nineteenth century.

3. I will make great progress ________ you help me learn English.

4. Tony finds writing Chinese really difficult, _______ he can understand and speak Chinese pretty well.

5. English spread more quickly all over the world _______ television was invented.

6. I advise you to go to an English corner _____ you can improve your listening and speaking.

... ... ...

Grammar 2

动词不定式

Infinitive

当我们要表示“想做某事、需要做某事或决定做某事”时,就会出现两个动词连用的情况,这时应如何表达呢?

同学们自然会想到 want to do sth., need to 

do sth.和 decide to do sth. 等表达方式。

1. 什么是动词不定式?

主要行为动词后面的动词都采用了“to+动词原形”的结构,我们把这种结构称为动词不定式(有时可以不带to)。动词不定式没有人称和数的变化,在句子中不能作谓语。下面我们一起来看一下动词不定式有哪些语法功能。

2. 动词不定式的语法功能

1). 不定式作主语

不定式作主语时,常用it作形式主语,而将作主语的不定式放在句子后部。

It is good to help others.

帮助他人是件好事。 

It is exciting to surf the Internet.

上网是件令人兴奋的事。 

2). 不定式作宾语 

学习不定式作宾语时, 要注意掌握后接不定式

作宾语的动词。常见动词有: want, hope, wish, 

like, begin, try, need, forget, agree, help 等。

Many people decide not to think about it. 

许多人决定不去想这件事。 

I want to go to the library.

我想去图书馆。 

... ... ...

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets.

1.Many people want ________ (study) English so they can get a good job.

2. I asked my teacher ________ (give) me some extra English homework.

3. You need _________ (practise) speaking every day if you want to improve your spoken English.

4. Jenny learnt _________ (speak) English well while she was in Canada.

5. English is easy ________ (learn) if you practise and revise every day.

Work in pairs. Read the remarks and answer the questions.

1.Who has done very well at school?

Meg has done very well at school. 

2.What does Ned need to do in order to get better at handwriting?

He needs to practise for a few minutes every day.

3.What does Toby enjoy? Does he like schoolwork as much as this, or less than this?

Toby enjoys sport. He likes schoolwork less than sport.

... ... ...

Choose the best answer.

1. -- The light in the office is still on.

-- Oh, I forgot ______.

A.  turning it off    B.  turn it off

C. having turned it off   D. to turn it off

2. She can’t help ______ the house because she’s busy making a cake.

A. to clean       B. cleaning

C. cleaned       D. being cleaned

3. Not everybody has the ability_____ in public.

A. of speak     B. speaking

C. spoken       D. to speak

4. Mary is always the first student _____ to answer the teacher’s questions in class.

A. rising      B. to rise

C. rose       D. risen

... ... ...

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